Paul Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence on 19 January 1839.
He was undoubtedly one of France's greatest artists, although during his lifetime he was never able to find his place among recognised artists. Despite initially studying law, he finally gave in to his love for art and joined the Charles Suisse Academy in Paris. Cézanne perfected his painting alongside illustrious artists such as Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Achille Emperaire; Cézanne's portrait of Emperaire is one of his major works. His talent was undeniable, but his fiery temper led to him being refused by the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In his quest for perfection that went beyond Impressionism, Paul Cézanne could only see the faults in his paintings and could not see the works of art that were before his eyes. A genius to some and a hot-tempered storyteller to others, he is now recognised as one of the greatest artists, a precursor to Cubism, who left his revolutionary mark on painting.
Paul Cézanne died of pneumonia in Aix-en-Provence on 22 October 1906.