Emile Gallé was born on 4 May 1846 in Nancy.
He was undoubtedly one of the leading figures in the history of art of his time, making him one of the pioneers of Art Nouveau. His passion for the natural sciences, particularly plants and insects, as well as his strong background in cabinet-making, naturally led him towards design. He took full advantage of this knowledge when it came to making his works as beautiful as possible; he decided to develop his career in Weimar, Germany, and with stays in Paris, where he assiduously studied the traditional art of crystal and Japanese art. On his return to Nancy, the artist implemented the techniques he had learnt to bring the beauty out of glass, giving it a natural feel with streaks, knots, reflections and marbling. He took over the family business in 1877 but did not neglect his art, taking part in the Universal Exhibition in 1878. Fame came quickly, allowing this genius designer to open stores in Paris, Frankfurt and London. He went on to receive numerous awards during his career; he became a Commander of the Légion d'Honneur, which allowed him to found the Ecole de Nancy in 1901, of which he was the president, alongside Victor Prouvé, Louis Majorelle, Antonin Daum and Eugène Vallin.
Emile Gallé died in Nancy on 23 September 1904.