Paul Klee (1879 – 1940) was a Swiss German artist, whose unique style of abstraction was influenced by Expressionism, Cubism and Surrealism.
Klee studied music from a young age before turning to the fine arts. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich where he developed his own new techniques for drawing and painting. Between 1903 and 1905 he created a series of etchings which were his first exhibited works. His big stylistic breakthrough came in 1914 after a trip to Tunisia which influenced his turn to abstract art , and his first abstract composition In the style of Kairouan. His style evolved further during the First World War, as Klee was deeply affected by the death of many of his friends. He saw commercial success and was hailed as one of the great young german artists of his time by the critics. He taught at Bauhaus from 1921- 1931 alongside Kandinsky. Under Nazi rule he was forced to flee Germany and the Klee family moved to Switzerland, where Paul Klee died in 1940.