Paul Signac was born in Paris on 11 November 1863.
Born into a family of prosperous shopkeepers without any attachment to the art world, he discovered his vocation at the age of sixteen after visiting an exhibition of works by Claude Monet. In love with colour and with a thirst for freedom, both artistic and psychological, he took part in the first Salon des Indépendants in 1884, where he met Georges Seurat, a major inspiration for his art. With his new friend, Signac then became extremely interested in the perception of colour, bringing a breath of fresh air to the history of art. After the death of Seurat, the painter went into exile in St Tropez, where he brought a new dimension to his art, which by this time had become neo-Impressionistic. The father of Pointillism and Neo-Impressionism, sometimes inspired by anarchists, sometimes by landscapes, he was appointed official painter to the Navy in 1915, gaining him long-awaited recognition.
Paul Signac died in Paris on 15 August 1935.