Alfred Stieglitz was born on January 1st 1864 in Hoboken, New Jersey (United States of America).
Alfred Stieglitz is an American photographer, an art dealer and a modern art promoter that dedicated his career in making photography an accepted form of art. After growing up in Manhattan where he started collecting photographs at a young age, he finally studied this medium in Germany when his family moved in the area of Berlin in 1882. There, he experimented new technique and studied chemistry in order to perfect his knowledge of the device and of the photographic art. During the early 1800s, he joined the pictorialist movement, the first to claim photography as an artistic medium and no longer as a scientific device : human intervention and aesthetic effects where thus privileged. The discovery of pictorialism changed Stieglitz’s activities, intensified them : indeed, when he returned to New York at the end of the 19th century, he contributed to many initiatives such as the creation of Camera Work (1902-1917), art exhibitions and the creation of the group « Photo-Secession », a group that reunited artists sharing the same ideas about photography. In 1905, he opened his first gallery, Galerie 291 (the first of a long list) where he exposed the works of Picasso, Matisse, Braque and Cezanne. In 1923, he became the first photographer to have his art exposed in a museum, since he donated a lot of his photographs to the Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts.
Alfred Stieglitz died on July 13th 1946 in New York (United States of America).