Otto Mueller was born on 16th October 1874 in Liebau, Silesia (now Poland). From 1896 he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden. Two years later he continued his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He was forced to abandon his studies after the rector of the academy, Franz von Stuck, described him as an "untalented" artist. Initially interested in Impressionism and Symbolism, Mueller turned definitively towards Expressionism from 1908 onwards. During the First World War, he voluntarily joined the German army and went to fight in France and Russia. In 1919, the artist became a professor at the National Academy of Fine Arts in Breslau. At the same time, he refuses all bourgeois comforts and is welcomed by Gypsies where he lives in harmony. Otto Mueler dies in Breslau on 24th September 1930. During the Second World War, the Nazis seized almost 357 of his works, considered to be "degenerate art".