Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres was born in Montauban on 29 August 1780.
As his father was a painter, he was surrounded by art from an early age and excelled at both painting and playing the piano. Striving for perfection, he entered the Académie Royale in Toulouse, before continuing his apprenticeship with Jacques-Louis David. Tired of the everyday and keen for new technical skills, Ingres moved to Rome, and then to Florence, where he asserted his style after seeing works by Raphael. In contrast to his home country, he met with much-anticipated success in Italy, and was eventually acclaimed by the critics on his return to Paris. His work The Martyrdom of Saint Symphorien damaged his career when it was vehemently criticised. By dint of patience, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres found renewed success, which never left him again, thanks to the purity of his works as well as their peerless composition. An undeniable talent that would inspire a number of artists past and present made the painter a precursor of a new artistic era.
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres died in Paris on 14 January 1867.